Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) include:-
01. physical abuse
02. verbal abuse
03. sexual abuse
04. physical neglect
05. emotional neglect
Five related to other family members
06. a parent who’s an alcoholic
07. a mother who’s a victim of domestic violence
08. a family member in jail
09. a family member diagnosed with a mental illness
10. disappearance of parent thru divorce/death/abandonment.
Adverse Childhood Experiences can increase risk of chronic disease, but resilience can mitigate the effects.